How would you like to live right on the cliffs? As a mom, I think I’d be always nervous of my little ones falling over the side.
It required 4 different ladders to climb up to this 5 level structure. The top level was a patio with a pony wall handrail. At the back was another wall behind which was a room that went 33 feet into the side of the mountain. Up to 35 people lived in this ‘castle’, of course they had much different ideas & requirements about personal space.
These dwellings of the Sinagua are situated here likely for protection from enemies, positioned for solar heat in the winter and summer protection. Fewer walls needed to be constructed when taking advantage of the caves. River rock & limestone were held together with mud mortar to build alcoves and partitions, and mud plaster covered the walls. For floors and beams they mostly used Arizona Sycamore trees along with other types to subsidize. Near Beaver Creek they used it for irrigating their crops of corn
From about 1350 – 1400 it is believed that the people started to leave this valley for neighbouring pueblos. Why they left is unknown. Maybe disease. Maybe changing weather patterns, or the depleting fertility of the soil. Maybe things just looked greener elsewhere.